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Warm greetings from Cakrawala Rinjani Trekking. We are a team of trekking operators from Senaru village, providing expert trekking guides on the mountains, especially to Mount Rinjani Lombok. Our team has been trained and licensed in handling emergency rescues on Rinjani mountain naturally and using local techniques. We are Tekking …

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History Of Rinjani Mountain

Mount Rinjani is the second highest volcano in Indonesia, before it formed a caldera in the west and east, Mount Rinjani was named Mount Samalas, with a height of 4200 m. And now Mount Samalas is named Mount Rinjani. This is the peak of Mount Rinjani, with an altitude of 3726 m above sea level after a major eruption in 1257.

Mount Rinjani has a very beautiful and spectacular view, because in the middle of the caldera there is a lake and a volcano, which is now named Gunung Baru Jari. In the history of Mount Rinjani, there used to be a guard for a woman named Dewi Anjani. In the belief of the local community, Dewi Anjani was a princess, and she was not like a human, but she was a Jin creature.

On Mount Rinjani, there are sacred places. Because in the past, only local people climbed to Mount Rinjani, and like in Hinduism, he would always come to undergo rituals and worship every year. Even now, local people believe that they come to Mount Rinjani to undergo rituals.

Currently, Mount Rinjani is included as a geopark, now officially named Rinjani–Lombok Geopark, in 2007, was inaugurated by the geological agency from Bandung, and several other observers in Indonesia proposed that a geopark named Mount Rinjani Geopark, the first Geopark to be held in Indonesia, be located in Lombok , and in October 2008, the Association of Indonesian Geologists held the first national Geopark seminar in Indonesia in Lombok, after a UNESCO advisor led by Mr. Guy Martini visited the Geopark on 17–19 November 2012.

Ascent Routes to Mount Rinjani

Choose Sembalun or Senaru Ascent Route

Serious trekkers should explore the options of staying on the Rinjani mountain for 3 nights or more with a planned trek that takes in the crater rim, down to the lake shore, the absolute summit and more. Such treks normally start in either Senaru or Sembalun, but in the last couple of years some other routes have opened, including the Benang Stokel, Timbanuh, and Torean routes.

Senaru ascent route

senaruThis is by far the most popular route, as it allows only a (relatively) less strenuous trek to the crater rim. You start at an elevation of 600 m in Senaru village, normally in the late morning or early afternoon, and make the 6-hour ascent to the crater rim before dark. The first part of the trek is through a tropical rainforest.

Look and listen out for the lutung, or black monkey, swinging through the trees in the late morning. They are extremely shy, unlike the common macaques, who may gather near rest stops waiting for scraps.

The route passes through POSII at 1,500 m, breaches the treeline at 2,000 m (POSIII), and then it is a bit of a slog up gravel paths to the camp site just below the crater rim at 2,600 m. There is no clear path near the crater rim in the final section, which has a 45-degree incline. There is a POS Extra after POS 3, but it is pretty much gone, and the remaining bits have been chopped up by porters as firewood.

If that has not sapped all of your energy, you can then make a very precarious descent down to the shores of the crater lake and bathe in the hot waters. You need some confidence to do this as it is a steep descent of 600+ m using handrails and ropes. And then it is back to Senaru the way you came. Local guides claim going down is faster, but speed varies for individuals. Patience is vital for first timers, as it can get frustrating watching porters sail past you with their load balanced on one shoulder, clad in slippers or even walking barefoot.

The descent from POS Extra to POS 3 can be slippery when the weather is dry, as scree tends to give way under your feet. From POS 3 to POS 2, the descent can take 1.5 to 2 hours, as the savannah grasslands fade away, and the humidity and heat from the tropical rainforest begin to set in. If you did not bring a trekking pole, request that your guides cut one out of wood for you.

It will be extremely handy during the descent, especially when your legs are aching from the strenuous climb. There is an option to go on to Plawangan II, where you overnight again before making the ascent to the absolute summit. This is not especially recommended from the Senaru side, though. If you want to get to the top, the climb to Plawangan II is best made from Sembalun.

Sembalun ascent route

trekking rinjani guideStarting in the morning from the Rinjani Trek Centre in the village, the climb to Plawangan II at 2,638 m will take about 8 hours via POSI (1,300 m), POSII (1,500 m) and POSIII (1,800 m). The starting altitude is 1100 m, so there are no humid conditions to deal with. The first half or more of the trek is literally a breeze.

The trek through savannah grassland is windy and easygoing, with gentle ups and downs, and the only obstacles to look out for are the cow pats deposited by the villagers’ cows along the way. Rolling hills and amazing scenery help to ease the tiredness, unlike the enclosed tropical rainforest of the Senaru route.

From POS 2 to POS 3, the climb is still manageable. The challenge for the Sembalun route is from POS 3 to POS Extra, as the uphill gradient can be 50 degrees at times. Young children will find this section challenging as some steps are set quite far apart. Cooler weather up here may give the body the impression that it does not need fluids, but do drink more to prevent altitude sickness setting in.

Strangely, there is a guy selling cold drinks for those who crave them. Overnight at the campsite here and go for the summit starting at 3 AM the next day. You need to be well rested as this is a stiff task. The final climb is nearly 1,100 m on difficult ground.

Might to see on Rinjani

Wonderfull View From Summit and Rim Senaru

Over 20 villages surround Mt. Rinjani, and there are many routes up the mountain, but the main access is from Senaru in the north and Sembalun Lawang in the east.

Gunung Rinjani National Park lies within the major transition zone (Wallace) where the flora and fauna of Southeast Asia make a dramatic transition into that which is typical of Australia. The park has a rich variety of plants and animals, although they can be hard to spot due to the terrain and rainforest cover.

The rare black Ebony leaf monkey, known locally as lutung, is sometimes seen early in the morning. The long tailed gray macaque of Kera is common in Lombok and several males are seen on the crater rim. Rusa deer are forest dwellers and are occasionally seen along the Rinjani trek train.

The smaller barking deer, or kijang, has an alarm call with a distinct dog-like bark. Look for the disturbed ground where the wild pig, or babi hutan, has been foraging. Also found in the forest are the leopard cat or bodok alas, palm civet or ujat, and porcupine or landak.

RinjaniA variety of colorful birds live in the forest of the park. Perhaps the best-known icon of the park is the crested cockatoo, which is not found any further west of Lombok. Many of the forest-dwelling animals, insects, birds, civets, and monkeys owe their survival to the wild fig tree, or beringin, as a provider of food and shelter.

The pine-like casuarinas species, Cemara, are a feature of the grassy higher slopes. Orchids, or anggrek, are also a feature of the grassland areas, as is edelweiss, or bunga abadi, growing above the tree line. It is a beautiful icon of the park, one of the park, and one of our best-known sub-alvine plants. The smaller barking deer, or kijang, has an alarm call with a distinct dog-like bark. Look for the disturbed ground where the wild pig or babi hutan has been foraging. Also found in the forest are the leopard cat or bodok alas, palm civet or ujat, and porcupine or landak.

The following stories are a selection taken from a booklet for village guides containing a collection of traditional stories that have been related for generations by the people of Dusun Senaru.

Andongan Tambing: The first place to rest is located where the paths from Senaru and Semokan meet. Andongan Tambing is one of the forest entry gates and the first camp on the Rinjani Trek. At this point, the trekkers are warned to be careful of the steep slopes.

Half Way Point (Pos II Campsite): At the second resting place (Camp II), there is a stone which is called Batu Penyesalan. This marks the place where the trekkers feel a conflict about whether to continue or to turn back because we still have as far to go to our destination as we have already walked. It usually takes about two hours to walk here from Bunut Ngengkang.

Caves: One of the three famous caves (Goa Susu, Goa Payung, and Goa Manik), Susu Cave is a good place for self reflection and is often used as a place to meditate. People with unclean and envious minds will have difficulty entering Susu Cave, which has a narrow entrance, but people with noble and pure minds will easily enter the cave. Inside the cave, water drips from the tip of a stone, which looks like a nipple, so people say the water in Goa Susu tastes different. Inside Goa Susu is hot and there is a lot of smoke, which looks like cooking steam, so people call this Mengukus (hot house) and sometimes people call it Rontgen (X-Ray).

Healing Hot Springs: Aiq Kalak means hot water, and it is used to cure various diseases. One of the hot springs is named Pangkereman Jembangan, which means “a place for dipping.” The water that spurts out of the spring is very hot. Weapons such as keris, swords, big knives, and lances are dipped in the spring to test their magic power. If the weapon becomes sticky, it means that the weapon is bad and has no magical power. However, if the weapon remains unchanged, it means that the weapon has supernatural power and both the power and the strength will be increased. People also use the hot spring to make medicine from coconut cream. If after dipping a bottle of coconut cream in the hot spring, the liquid becomes clear and oily, it can be used as medicinal oil. Then the medicinal oil is used for good things and is called Siu Satus Tunggal, or in the Bayan language, Siu Satunggal, which means that it can be used to cure a thousand kinds of diseases.

Segara Anak Crater Lake: Segara Anak Lake is so wide it appears like the sea with its blue water. The name Segara Anak means “child of the sea.”

Segara Anak Lake holds various mysteries and invisible powers.

People feel content to stay a long time in this place because of the large community of mysterious spirits that live around the lake. The local people believe that if the lake looks wide when seen from a distance, it is a sign they will live to an old age; or if the lake seems narrow, it is a sign of a short age. So in order not to be pessimistic, people quickly purify themselves by lifting up their spirits and calming their souls and looking at the lake contentedly. In the area around the lake, it is forbidden to have sexual intercourse, to complain or say dirty things. We must be patient when facing problems.


Local Strawberry This plant grows along the route to Mt. Rinjani. It has thorns like a rose, and the fruit is red like a strawberry. It has a sweet and slightly sour taste and is good to eat when trekkers are hungry and thirsty.

Eternal Flower or Edelweis The plant or the flowers should not be taken because they grow in the park and in the mysterious world of the spirit kingdom. In the past, someone who wanted this flower had to be brave enough to fight and gamble with their soul. That is why the flower is called Sandar Nyawa. The flower has never wilted and is as old as the mysterious spirits.

Summit Rinjani The people of Lombok believe that the peak of Mt. Rinjani is where Dewi Anjani, the queen spirit and ruler of Mt. Rinjani, lives. To the south-east of the peak, in a sea of dust called Segara Muncar, is the invisible palace of the queen Dewi Anjani and her followers. They are in good spirits. According to a story about the Queen Spirit, Dewi Anjani, she was the daughter of a King who would not allow her to marry her boyfriend. At a spring called Mandala, she disappeared and changed from the real world to the spirit world.

Gunung Baru Jari is the name of the new volcano which emerged in the center of Segara Anak Lake. People believe that Gunung Baru is the navel of Mt. Rinjani. That is why if Gunung Baru erupted, it would not harm the people of Lombok unless the eruption was from the peak of Mt. Rinjani. Some people said that the 1994 Gunung Baru eruption was caused by spirits who were building something because the stones that erupted were arranged in an orderly and attractive way at the foot of Gunung Baru.


What You Should To Bring Climb Rinjani?

Before come trekking to Mount Rinjani Lombok you should prepare :

  • Day pack
  • Torch or head lamp
  • trekking shoes
  • Glove, extra socks and beanie hat.
  • Toiletries
  • Insect repellent
  • Sun block/lotion, hat/cap, sun glasses
  • Spray for muscle/balm
  • Camera, Handy cam (Manual or Digital)
  • Small towel
  • 2/3 pieces of T-Shirts
  • Long trek pants/wind proof
  • Windproof Jacket
  • 2 pieces of shorts
  • Trekking stick (optional)
  • Sandals (optional)
  • Swimming Suite (optional)
  • Binocular (optional)
  • Extra trail snack (we supply fruits,biscuits )

Contact us if you need help to provided the trekking gears above.

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